11.07.2020, 04:39 English | Deutsch
Navigation

Free - Essentials


Dixieland and swing stylists improvise melodically and bop, cool and hard bop players follow chord structures in their solos. Free Jazz was a radical departure from past styles for typically after playing a quick theme, the soloist does not have to follow any progression or structure and can go in any unpredictable direction. When Ornette Coleman largely introduced Free Jazz to New York audiences (although Cecil Taylor had preceded him with less publicity), many of the bop musicians and fans debated about whether what was being played would even qualify as music; the radicals had become conservatives in less than 15 years. Free Jazz, which overlaps with the avant-garde, remains a controversial and mostly underground style, influencing the modern mainstream while often being ignored.

Avant-garde Jazz differs from Free Jazz in that it has more structure in the ensembles (more of a "game plan") although the individual improvisations are generally just as free of conventional rules. In the best Avant-Garde performances it is difficult to tell when compositions end and improvisations begin; the goal is to have the solos be an outgrowth of the arrangement. As with Free Jazz, the Avant-Garde came of age in the 1960's and has continued almost unnoticed as a menacing force in the jazz underground, scorned by the mainstream that it influences. Among its founders in the mid-to-late 1950's were pianist Cecil Taylor, altoist Ornette Coleman and keyboardist-bandleader Sun Ra. John Coltrane became the avant-garde's most popular (and influential) figure and from the mid-1960's on the avant-garde innovators made a major impact on jazz, helping to push the music beyond bebop.

(Scott Yanow)


John Coltrane - Ascencion

Listen to: Ascension

Coltrane, John (ts); Hubbard, Freddie; Johnson Dewey (tp); Brown, Marion; Tchicai, John (as); Sanders, Pharoah; Shepp, Archie (ts); Tyner, McCoy (p); Davis, Art; Garrison, Jimmy (dr); Jones, Elvin (dr)

Recorded: June 1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea01

freea14John Coltrane - Kulu Se Mama

Listen to: Kulu Se Mama

Coltrane, John (ts, perc); Sanders, Pharoah (ts, perc); Garrett, Donald Rafael (bcl, b, perc); Tyner, McCoy (p); Garrison, Jimmy (b); Butler, Frank (dr, perc); Jones, Elvin (dr); Lewis, Juno (voc, perc)

Recorded: 14-10-1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Ornette Coleman - Something Else

Listen to: Chippie

Coleman, Ornette (as); Cherry, Don (tp); Norris, Walter (p); Payne, Don (b); Higgins, Billy (dr)

Recorded: Febuary 10/22, March 24 1958

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea03


freea19Ornette Coleman - The Shape Of Jazz To Come

Listen to: Lonely Woman

Coleman, Ornette (as); Cherry, Don (tp); Haden, Charlie (b); Higgins, Billy (dr)

Recorded: 22-05-1959

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Ornette Coleman - Free Jazz

Listen to: Free Jazz

Coleman, Ornette (as); Cherry, Don (tp); LaFaro, Scott (b); Higgins, Billy (dr); Dolphy, Eric (bcl); Hubbard, Freddie (tp); Haden, Charlie (b); Blackwell, Ed (dr)

Recorded: 21-12-1960

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea02


freea04Ornette Coleman - At The Golden Circle Vol. 1

Listen to: Faces And Places

Coleman, Ornette (as); Izenzon, David (b); Moffett, Charles (dr)

Recorded: 03-12-1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Ornette Coleman - New York Is Now

Listen to: The Garden Of Souls

Coleman, Ornette (as); Redman, Dewey (ts); Garrison, Jimmy (b); Jones, Elvin (dr)

Recorded: 29 April & 7 May 1968

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea12


freea20Art Ensemble Of Chicago - Fanfare Of The Warriors

Listen to: Fanfare Of The Warriors

Bowie, Lester (tp, flh); Mitchell, Roscoe (as, ts, piccolo); Jarman, Joseph (as, ts, fl); Abrams, Muhal Richard (p); Favors, Malachi (b); Moye, Don (perc)

Recorded: September 1973

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Cecil Taylor - Looking Ahead

Listen to: Of What

Taylor, Cecil (p); Griffith, Earl (vib); Neidlinger, Buell (b); Charles, Dennis (dr)

Recorded: 09-06-1958

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea11


freea05Archie Shepp - Fire Music

Listen to: Hambone

Curson, Ted (tp); Orange, Joseph (tb); Shepp, Archie (ts); Brown, Marion (as); Johnson, Reggie (b); Chambers, Joe (dr)

Recorded: 09-03-1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Archie Shepp - On This Night

Listen to: The Mac Man

Shepp, Archie (ts); Hutcherson, Bobby (vib); Grimes, Henry (b); Ali, Rashied (dr); Blackwell, Ed (perc)

Recorded: 31-12-1970

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea06


freea18Archie Shepp - The Way Ahead

Listen to: Damn It I Know

Shepp, Archie (ts); Owens, Jimmy (tp); Moncur, Grachan (tb); Davis, Walter (p); Carter, Ron (b); Harris, Beaver (dr)

Recorded: 29-01-1968

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Albert Ayler - Live In Greenwich Village

Listen to: Holy Ghost

Ayler, Albert (ts); Ayler, Don (tp); Freedman, Joel (cello); Worrell, Lewis (b); Murray, Sunny (dr)

Recorded: 28-03-1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea07


freea13Albert Ayler - Fondation Maeght Nights

Listen to: In Heart Only

Ayler, Albert (ts, ss); Maria, Mary (voc, ss); Cobbs, Call (p); Tintweiss, Steve (b); Blairman, Allen (dr)

Recorded: 25 & 27 July 1970

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


The Trio - The Trio

Listen to: Green Walnut

Surman, John (b-sax); Phillips, Barre (b); Martin, Stu (dr)

Recorded: March 1970

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea08


freea09Sun Ra - Other Voices, Other Blues

Listen to: Springtime And Summer Idyll

Sun Ra (keyb); Gilmore, John (ts); Ray, Michael (tp); Ali, Luqman (dr)

Recorded: 8/13 Januar 1978

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Sun Ra - The Heliocentric Worlds Of Sun Ra Vol. 2

Listen to: The Sun Myth

Sun Ra (p, perc); Allen, Marshall (as, picc, fl, perc); Patrick, Pat (bs, perc); Miller, Walter (tp); Gilmore, John (ts, perc); Cummings, Robert (bcl, perc); Boykins, Ronnie (b); Blank, Roger (perc)

Recorded: 16-11-1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea10


freea16Don Cherry - Complete Communion

Listen to: Complete Communion

Cherry, Don (co); Barbieri, Gato (ts); Grimes, Henry (b); Blackwell, Ed (dr)

Recorded: 24-12-1965

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Eric Dolphy - Out To Lunch

Listen to: Out To Lunch

Hubbard, Freddie (tp); Dolphy, Eric (as); Davis, Richard (b); Williams, Anthony "Tony" (dr); Hutcherson, Robert "Bobby" (vib)

Recorded: 25-02-1964

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea15


freea17Joe Harriot - Abstract

Listen to: Oleo

Keane, Shake (tp); Harriott, Joe (as); Smythe, Pat (p); Goode, Coleridge (b); Orr, Bobby (dr)

Recorded: 10-05-1962

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Dave Liebman - The Loneliness Of A Long Distance Runner

Listen to: The Discipline Of Practice

Liebman, David (ss)

Recorded: November 1985

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea21


freea22Quest - Quest

Listen to: Lonely Woman

Liebman, Dave (ss, afl); Beirach, Richie (p); Mraz, George (b); Foster, Al (dr)

Recorded: 28 & 29 December 1981

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]


Grachan Moncur - Some Other Stuff

Listen to: Gnostic

Moncur, Grachan (tb); Shorter, Wayne (ts); Hancock, Herbie (p); McBee, Cecil (b); Williams, Tony (dr)

Recorded: 06-07-1964

Your rating | No ratings |



[...Wikipedia]

freea25



Jazzguide Homepage | Impressum | Mail |